By N.Y.) Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York

ISBN-10: 0870995251

ISBN-13: 9780870995255

This quantity catalogues for the 1st time greater than 600 bronze and iron gadgets within the division of old close to japanese artwork of The Metropolitan Museum of artwork. every one is illustrated and defined after which mentioned when it comes to its formal and stylistic points, cultural heritage, functionality, and chronology. Bibliographic citations current comparative fabric correct to every item. a particular function of this catalogue is its association. in the geographical sections the excavated items look first, separated from the unexcavated fabric that's stylistically attributed to an identical zone. broad cross-referencing in the catalogue entries relates items that arc officially comparable, in addition to those who are geographically or culturally linked. The items provided right here were got by means of the Metropolitan Museum over the past century during the Museums participation in archaeological excavations, through alternate with different associations, and through buy or gift.
The geographical components they signify comprise a lot of the traditional close to jap international: Iran, Mesopotamia, Anatolia, Syria, Palestine, and Arabia. by means of learning the items and the remark provided during this catalogue, the reader may well discover historical cultures and the issues confronting glossy archaeology and scholarship.

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On Russia's vast plains had much influence on the development of architecture and sculpture. The pre-Petrine architecture of the country was, for the most part, wooden. Public buildings were, as a rule, of oak and pine— of brick only in the larger centers. The old churches, the mansions of the boyars and the palaces of the tsars, the stockades, and the watchtowers and ramparts of the townis were of wood, and therefore the Russian villages and most of the townis were subject sential virtues The limitations of relative scarcity of stone to frequent fires that periodically destroyed the old architectural monuments.

In their turn, the Greek colonies found it advantageous to maintain friendly relations both with the Scythians and with their successors, the Sarmatians. The prosperity of Olbia, Pan- ticapaeum, and Khersonesus depended on the existence of a stable kingdom in South Russia, guaranteeing these cities unmolested commercial intercourse with the people inhabiting the basins of the great rivers. The Scythian domination turies. ment of the steppes lasted some five cen- Their protracted stay in South Russia and the establish- and order resulted in the development of material cultures combining elements of the indigenous Greek culture and the Iranian elements brought by the conquering nomads, who, as we shall see, were endowed with an of relative peace acute artistic sense.

Grigoriev, I. E. Zabelin, and D. I. Ilovaisky suggest that the Scythians must have been of Slavic origin. ( See Ellis H. Minns, Scythians and Greeks, 35 ff. ). Zabelin believes that the Scythians were the ancestors of the Slavs; he points to the striking resemblance of the figures— their features, haircuts, and clothes— on the Kul-Oba and Nikopol vases to the modem Russians. (I. E. Zabelin, History of Russian Life in Russian, I). The Soviet academi- cian B. D. Grekov also claims that genetically the Slavs are related to the Scythians, especially to the Scythian plov/man.

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Bronze and iron: Ancient Near Eastern artifacts in the Metropolitan Museum of Art by N.Y.) Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York


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