By C. S. Carver, M. F. Scheier
"Seek simplicity and mistrust it. " Alfred North Whitehead "It becomes all too transparent that a capability to work out styles in habit, a capability that a few may possibly suppose pleased with, can lead extra simply to a fallacious description than a correct one. " William T. Powers The objective of the theorist-the scholar-is to take a suite of observations of the realm, and understand order in them. This strategy inevitably imposes a man-made simplicity upon these observations. that's, particular observations are weighed another way from one another at any time when a theoretical account is abstracted from uncooked reports. a few saw occasions are misunderstood or distorted, others are obvious as representing random fluctuations and are overlooked, and but others are seen as centrally very important. This abstraction and oversimplification of truth is inevitable in concept building. furthermore, the abstracted imaginative and prescient builds upon itself. that's, as a constitution starts to emerge from endured remark, the constitution itself courses the hunt for brand spanking new info. the result's a building that's extra intricate than what existed ahead of, however it nonetheless is mostly easier than fact. it is vital for students to think within the price in their job, and within the basic correctness of the imaginative and prescient that courses their paintings. This dedication, and the desire of growth that follows from it, give the opportunity to proceed even if the paintings is tough and slow.
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Additional info for Attention and Self-Regulation: A Control-Theory Approach to Human Behavior
You have a pair of shoes being repaired, but you're not sure when they will be ready. One way of making sure you don't forget about your shoes is to put a note on the inside of your front door, which will be obvious to you as you leave. The note will read something like this: "If you haven't got your shoes back yet, stop on your way to work and see if they're ready. " A simple binary decision, but the result can be many repetitions of a behavioral sequence. Hierarchies. The fact that feedback systems can be interconnected has a second implication, as well.
In the person who has nO fever, the momentary presence of this temperature would elicit not shivering but sweating. Thus, the identical state of affairs-a temporary temperature of 38°C-leads a person with a fever and a person without a fever to exhibit diametrically opposed corrective actions. When a fever is in progress, the temperature regulating system has not given up or gone haywire. It is still faithfully regulating, still reducing sensed error. But now it is regulating with respect to a new value, a new standard of comparison.
Whenever one focuses one's attention on an object or event in the environment, even when only attempting to recognize that object, one does so by reference to this aspect of self. Said more plainly, there is a sense here in which attention is not focused exclusively on the environment, when "environment focus" is occurring. This point raises questions about whether one set of structures is used to recognize environment input information and another set is used to recognize self information (which is suggested by findings reported by Lord, 1980), or whether the same structures are applicable to information from both sources.
Attention and Self-Regulation: A Control-Theory Approach to Human Behavior by C. S. Carver, M. F. Scheier