By Ethne Barnes
Written via the most consulted professionals at the topic, Atlas of Developmental box Anomalies of the Human Skeleton is the pre-eminent source for developmental defects of the skeleton. This advisor specializes in localized bone constructions using the morphogenetic strategy that addresses the origins of variability inside of particular developmental fields in the course of embryonic improvement. Drawings and images make up many of the textual content, forming an image atlas with descriptive textual content for every crew of illustrations. each one part and subdivision is observed via short discussions and drawings of morphogenetic development.Content:
Chapter A cranium (pages 7–58):
Chapter B Vertebral Column (pages 59–104):
Chapter C RIBS (pages 105–108):
Chapter D Sternum (pages 109–120):
Chapter E higher Limbs (pages 121–162):
Chapter F decrease Limbs (pages 163–198):
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Extra resources for Atlas of Developmental Field Anomalies of the Human Skeleton: A Paleopathology Perspective
1. Microcephaly: adult (drawn from Brothwell 1981:169). 2. Microcephaly: adolescent female (NMNH 379510), Chicama, Peru, with normal adult female skull. (A) lateral, (B) faces, and (C ) skull tops. face, while the first pair of pharyngeal or branchial arches appearing along each side (Fig. II) forms the lateral and lower portions of the face—the maxilla, mandible, zygomatics as well as the temporal squamosa, parts of the sphenoid, palatine bones, and malleus and incus ear bones. By the end of the fourth week, the face begins to take shape around the primitive mouth (stomodeum) as the five merging developmental fields—the frontonasal prominence and paired maxillary and mandibular prominences from the first pharyngeal arch—come together.
The lesser cornua, attached to the hyoid by fibrous joints, may remain cartilaginous or ossify and sometimes uniting with the hyoid. The bony greater cornua are usually connected by fibrous joints to the hyoid body but may unite with it (Figs. 3) if the joint fails to develop. Rarely, both lesser and greater cornua ossify as part of the hyoid body (Figs. 4). Very rarely, the entire stylohyoid chain ossifies to unite all of its parts, or each segment ossifies separately with fibrous connective tissue holding them all together (Camarda et al.
Unilateral cleft lip forming between the maxilla and premaxilla, most often on the left side, is more common than bilateral expressions, and this type has a greater chance of survival. Severe bilateral cleft with remnant premaxilla usually presents as a rounded ball-like extension between the clefts with all incisors absent or grossly distorted (Fraser 1963). Midline cleft lip from failure of the two subparts of the premaxilla to unite can vary from a slight cleft to a wide cleft with agenesis of one or both halves.
Atlas of Developmental Field Anomalies of the Human Skeleton: A Paleopathology Perspective by Ethne Barnes