By Beth Alpert Nakhai
Archaeological facts, while seen objectively, offer self reliant witness to the non secular practices of the traditional population of Syria-Palestine and support to spot the critical half that faith performed within the social and political worlds of the Israelites and Canaanites. through making use of present anthropological and sociological thought to historic fabrics excavated over the last 80 years, the writer bargains a brand new method of taking a look at the archaeological facts. 'Archaeology and the Religions of Canaan and Israel' summarizes and analyzes the archaeological continues to be from all identified center Bronze via Iron Age temples, sanctuaries, and open-air shrines to bare the ways that social, monetary and political relationships determined—and have been formed by—forms of non secular association.
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Extra info for Archaeology and the Religions of Canaan and Israel (ASOR Books 7)
They were offered by the priesthood in a specific order, and for the purpose of expiation and propitiation, for consecration and for fellowship with God and with man. THE TEXTS FROM UGARIT Ugarit was an important Bronze Age city on the Syrian coast, the capital of a kingdom now well-known through excavations and textual studies. E. resulted in the preservation of an important archive, which illuminates many aspects of religion in the Late Bronze Age city. The archive includes texts that document various elements of religion and of these, the poetic and the ritual texts are most useful.
Ritual acts are ambiguous and will always retain mystical elements (1987: 548). Although embedded in social relations, rituals are more than simply a paradigm for them. Whether they are performed to strengthen a relationship with supernatural powers, or whether they comprise an attempt to be rid of evil influence, religious sacrifices in some way express moral values. Even when a religious sacrifice is performed 34 ARCHAEOLOGY AND THE RELIGIONS OF CANAAN AND ISRAEL privately and for private ends, it reflects community values, including a common assessment of what can legitimately be given up for the end required.
It is important to emphasize their context by attributing them to specific periods and communities within the history of Israel. ), prior to the monarchy, was more varied than it would become after decades and even centuries of regularization by the kings and their priesthood. 11 To examine biblical sacrifice, one must consider the textual sources of the descriptive material. In this way, social and historical contexts can be ascertained and changing concepts and ideologies can be investigated.
Archaeology and the Religions of Canaan and Israel (ASOR Books 7) by Beth Alpert Nakhai