By Hanns J. Prem
Outlines the tremendously lengthy and complicated cultural background of Mesoamerica, in addition to the Andean continuum. It combines an summary of pre-Columbian historic occasions and events with a attention of vital study difficulties and efforts and locations the final flowering of indigenous complicated civizations inside their respective geographic and sociocultural frameworks.
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Additional resources for Ancient Americas: A Brief History and Guide to Research
Unlike Teotihuacán, Monte Albán kept its transcendental importance as the preferred place for elaborate burials. D. 700 Monte Albán was only one of a dozen city-states in the valley, each consisting of a main site and several associated hamlets. A trend to move the settlements from the open valley floors to better sheltered heights, and the construction of associated fortifications, seem to indicate that the times were turbulent. D. 500, several local cultures rose, each focused on an important central place and based on the indigenous development of Teotihuacán concepts, enriched by new forms.
A condition for founding permanent settlements was that throughout the year food could be found close to the habitation. There were only very few specially favorable locations, mostly at seacoasts, where this was possible without growing nutrients; otherwise settlements and the domestication of plants occurred at the same time. C. Starting at this time one can recognize settlements of various sizes and ranks, centers of political and religious importance, solid "public" buildings for various purposes, artwork, and parts of the population who specialized in something other than direct food production.
RÍO BEC REGIONA somewhat different picture is presented by the region north of the core area, the center and north of the Yucatán Pensinsula. In the Río Bec region, the southernmost of the provinces, there was a substantial increase in population in the Late Classic. At the same time the slopes of the lime hills were terraced to accommodate fields that should have secured the food supply for some time. Numerous, mostly small centers with ostentatious architecture went up, characterized by a building style that occurred only in this region; there were mock facades in the shape of steep towers, which held on their apex small temples with pseudo-entrances.
Ancient Americas: A Brief History and Guide to Research by Hanns J. Prem