By Clarence Karr (Eds.)

ISBN-10: 0123999022

ISBN-13: 9780123999023

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Extra info for Analytical Methods for Coal and Coal Products. Volume II

Example text

I n s o m e cases, direct oxygen determined b y a modification of the Unterzaucher procedure was used, without correction. Exactly what workers in other European laboratories did cannot n o w b e determined, but they probab l y d i d m u c h t h e s a m e . W o r k e r s i n the U . S . B u r e a u o f M i n e s l a b o r a t o r i e s i n P i t t s b u r g h i n t h e i r classic s t u d i e s o f the o r g a n i c c h e m i s t r y o f coals u s e d d a f a n a l y s e s , i n c l u d i n g total sulfur, b u t t h e y d i d n o t u s e d i r e c t o x y g e n d e t e r m i n a t i o n s .

VI. THE PROBLEM OF ORGANIC OXYGEN O n e o f t h e c h a r a c t e r i s t i c differences b e t w e e n coal a n d p e t r o l e u m is t h a t m o s t c o a l s c o n t a i n m u c h m o r e o x y g e n . M o r e o v e r , t h e o x y g e n is present in coals in various functional groups w h i c h play important roles i n t h e c h e m i s t r y a n d g e o c h e m i s t r y o f t h e fuel. T h u s p a r t o f t h e o x y g e n is p h e n o l i c . A s a c l a s s p h e n o l s are r e a c t i v e i n a n u m b e r o f c h e m i c a l p r o cesses, including oxidation.

T h e r e f o r e , m e t i c u l o u s a t t e n t i o n to e l i m i n a t i n g t h e effects of m i n e r a l m a t t e r o n t h e n u m e r i c a l v a l u e o b t a i n e d will u s u a l l y not b e worthwhile. H o w e v e r , t h e v o l a t i l e m a t t e r y i e l d is s o m e t i m e s o f v a l u e i n s t u d i e s o f t h e s y s t e m a t i c s o f h i g h r a n k c o a l s , a n d also i n l a b o r a t o r y s t u d i e s o f 20. Coal Analysis and Mineral 27 Matter c o m b u s t i o n a n d g a s i f i c a t i o n m e c h a n i s m s .

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Analytical Methods for Coal and Coal Products. Volume II by Clarence Karr (Eds.)

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