By David W. Phillipson
David Phillipson provides an illustrated account of African prehistory, from the origins of humanity via eu colonization during this revised and extended version of his unique paintings. Phillipson considers Egypt and North Africa of their African context, comprehensively reviewing the archaeology of West, East, imperative and Southern Africa. His ebook demonstrates the relevance of archaeological examine to knowing modern Africa and stresses the continent's contribution to the cultural history of humankind.
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75 million years ago, remains of both hominids are found in association with concentrations of Oldowan stone artefacts. It is considered unlikely that members of two hominid genera would have occupied the same environmental niche at the same time and been engaged 40 afric an archaeolog y Fig. 15: Olduvai Gorge in the manufacture and use of apparently identical artefacts; although this argument is not conclusive, it is probably safe to assume that the Oldowan artefacts were the work of H. habilis, who was physically, and presumably also intellectually, the more advanced of the two.
Boisei. The sagittal crest and massive muscle attachments of the latter species were not present in 1470. 75 million years ago, if not before, a second species of Homo may be recognised in East Africa. It was at one time given the designation H. erectus to emphasise its perceived similarity to certain East and Southeast Asian fossils, but some authorities now consider that the single designation is inappropriate and prefer to class the East African material as H. ergaster (Klein 1999: 287--95).
Details of individual sites with their archaeological components and interpretations will follow in later sections. 4 million years ago (White et al. 1994). Originally attributed to the genus Australopithecus, this creature had teeth rather like those of a chimpanzee, although it was probably largely bipedal; it evidently inhabited a moist The emergence of humankind in Africa 27 woodland environment. 9 million years old, are remains of Australopithecus anamensis from two sites in the Lake Turkana basin of northern Kenya (M.
African Archaeology by David W. Phillipson