By James Pustejovsky
This choice of papers takes linguists to the forefront of thoughts in generative lexicon conception, the linguistic composition method that arose from the significant to supply a compositional semantics for the contextual differences in that means that emerge in genuine linguistic utilization. Today’s transforming into shift in the direction of allotted compositional analyses evinces the applicability of GL conception, and the contributions to this quantity, offered at 3 foreign workshops (GL-2003, GL-2005 and GL-2007) deal with the connection among compositionality in language and the mechanisms of choice in grammar which are essential to continue this estate. The center unresolved matters in compositionality, with regards to the translation of context and the mechanisms of choice, are handled from various views inside GL thought, together with its easy theoretical mechanisms and its analytical perspective on linguistic phenomena.
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Extra resources for Advances in Generative Lexicon Theory
This is formally similar to Searle’s notion of institutional fact. 15 2 Type Theory and Lexical Decomposition 31 To illustrate how the qualia structure of artifacts can be modeled in this fashion, observe the type structures for a selection of artifactual entity types: (59) a. beer: li quid ˝T dri nk b. knife: phys˝T cut c. house: phys˝T li ve i n As it stands, the definition in (58) is not general enough to model the set of all artifacts and concepts with function or purpose. As argued in Pustejovsky (1995), the head type (the formal quale role) need not be an atomic type (natural), but can be arbitrarily complex itself.
In the pair of examples in (1), for example, two very different rhetorical functions create coherent interpretations, but with different temporal and causal structures: (1) a. John entered. Max greeted him. b. John fell. Max pushed him. The interpretation of Narration in (1a) is consistent with the updates and lexical information associated with enter and greet. This relation is not consistent with (1b), however, while the relation Elaboration is. , an atomistic Fodorian lexicon (Fodor and Lepore 1998), and standard dynamic semantics, respectively), that fail to account adequately for a wide variety of phenomena having to do with the pragmatics/semantics interface.
C. d. very old gold a new tree a young tiger such a beautiful flower The adjectives in (39) behave in a conventional subsective manner and are unambiguous in their modification of the nominal head. That is, there is one distinct semantic aspect of the head that they modify. 11 (40) 11 a. a blue/Swiss pen b. a bright/expensive bulb c. a long/shiny CD This class of adjectives has been studied extensively. Bouillon (1997) analyzes such constructions as subselective predication of a qualia role in the head.
Advances in Generative Lexicon Theory by James Pustejovsky