By Arnold Hughes, David Perfect
A Political historical past of The Gambia: 1816-1994 is the 1st entire account of the political historical past of the previous British West African dependency to be written. It uses a lot hitherto unconsulted or unavailable British and Gambian legitimate and personal documentary resources, in addition to interviews with many Gambian politicians and previous British colonial officers. the 1st a part of the ebook charts the origins and features of recent politics in colonial Bathurst (Banjul) and its growth into the Gambian inside (Protectorate) within the twenty years after international warfare II. via independence in 1965, older urban-based events within the capital were defeated via a brand new, rural-based political enterprise, the People's innovative occasion (PPP). the second one a part of the ebook analyzes the capacity in which the PPP, less than President Sir Dawda Jawara, succeeded in defeating either current and new rival political events and an tried coup in 1981. The publication closes with an evidence of the loss of life of the PPP by the hands of a military coup in 1994. The publication not just establishes these unique points of Gambian political historical past, but in addition relates those to the broader local and African context, through the colonial and independence sessions.
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Extra info for A Political History of The Gambia, 1816-1994 (Rochester Studies in African History and the Diaspora)
8. 16. Note: Data are for country of nationality. a Portuguese Guinea in 1963 and 1973. Europeans Ever since the foundation of Bathurst, there has been a small, but influential, European population. 73 By 1823, there were forty-five Europeans (including military officers) on St. Mary’s Island and there were usually thirty to fifty resident Europeans in Bathurst during the nineteenth century (few lived outside the town). Most Europeans in the Colony at any one time were British, although following the abandonment of Albreda, there was also a small, but significant, French commercial community in Bathurst from 1860 when the first French firm (Maurel Frères) was set up in the town.
118 However, Social and Economic Setting 31 during and after the war, the government assumed an enlarged role as an employer and by the 1960s, at least two-thirds of employment in “larger” establishments was either in central or local government or in public corporations (parastatals). This proportion had risen to three-quarters by 1973. 120 During the late 1980s and early 1990s, total civil service employment increased again to reach 10,700 in 1993–94, which was similar to the pre-1986 retrenchment level.
Most others lived in Kanifing. 43 Since the late nineteenth century, almost all have been Muslims. 46 In 1901, they formed the third largest ethnic group in Bathurst after the Wolof and the Aku, and in 1911, one third of all Serere in the Colony lived in the capital. However, in 1963, only 17 percent of Serere lived in Bathurst and the majority resided in Kerewan LGA. Since 1963, the center of the Serere population has shifted again; just over one-third lived in Kerewan and just under a third in Kanifing in 1993.
A Political History of The Gambia, 1816-1994 (Rochester Studies in African History and the Diaspora) by Arnold Hughes, David Perfect