By Amy Edmondson

ISBN-10: 0817633383

ISBN-13: 9780817633387

ISBN-10: 1468474855

ISBN-13: 9781468474855

In a extensive experience layout technology is the grammar of a language of pictures instead of of phrases. smooth conversation thoughts permit us to transmit and reconstitute photos with out the necessity of realizing a particular verbal sequential language equivalent to the Morse code or Hungarian. foreign site visitors symptoms use foreign snapshot symbols which aren't particular to any specific verbal language. a picture language differs from a verbal one in that the latter makes use of a linear string of symbols, while the previous is multidimensional. Architectural renderings regularly express projections onto 3 together perpendicular planes, or include go sections at range­ ent altitudes representing a stack of ground plans. Such renderings make it tricky to visualize constructions containing ramps and different good points which hide the separation among flooring; therefore, they restrict the creativity of the architect. Analogously, we have a tendency to examine normal constructions as though nature had used comparable stacked renderings, instead of, for example, a process of packed spheres, with the end result that we fail to understand the process of association making a choice on the shape of such structures.

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Additional resources for A Fuller Explanation: The Synergetic Geometry of R. Buckminster Fuller

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The shorthand "squared" is derived of course from the fact that a square can be subdivided by parallel lines, with "x" subdivisions along each edge, into "x to the second power" smaller squares. For example, a square with 2 "modular subdivisions" per edge contains 4 small squares, and similarly 3 subdivisions yield 9 squares, 4 yield 16, 5 yield 25, and so on (Fig. 2-1). Everyone is familiar with these diagrams, but what most people do not realize is that this result is not unique to squares. Triangles exhibit the same property, as also shown in Figure 2-1.

Both factors-specialization and avoidance of mathematics-cause some aspects of Fuller's synergetics to seem dense while others seem oddly simple. However, the novelty of his approach serves to give us new insights, so bear with 26 A Fuller Explanation Bucky as he "discovers the world by himself"; 1 his enthusiasm may be contagious. Fuller was unafraid to appear naIve. He announced his observations with equal fervor for the simplest ("only the triangle holds its shape") and the very complex (the surface angles of the planar rhombic triacontahedron correspond exactly to the central angles of the icosahedron's fifteen great circles), but on every level he was conscious of systems.

Synergetics, p. xxvi) Fuller spoke frequently and ponderously of the "generalized principles": those statements-be they verbal or in the shorthand of mathematical equations-that have been proven to always hold true. In other words, generalized principles are rules with no exceptions. From the very simple (the mechanical advantage allowed by leverage) to the highly profound (E = me 2 , equating matter with energy and quantifying the rate of exchange), these principles, taken all together, describe our Universe.

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A Fuller Explanation: The Synergetic Geometry of R. Buckminster Fuller by Amy Edmondson

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